See the Main ORS/spire page or the Explanation page for general notes on ORS/spire measure. See below the table for notes specific to this table.
|1||St. Elias||St. Elias||1334||1334||5489||FA 1897
|FA Luigi Amadeo di Savoia (Duke of Abruzzi),
Vittorio Sella, et al.
FWA D Briggs G Heaton, J Reichert
SA D Molenaar, C Molenaar, A Kauffman, B Kauffman, Miller, Latady, Ferris (Harvard)
|2||Denali (McKinley)||Alaska||1243||1242||6194||FA 1913
|FA H Stuck, H Karstens, W Harper, (R Tatum?)
FWA A Davidson, R Genet, D Johnston
FS N Uemura
|3||Sanford||Wrangell||1126||1123||4949||FA 1938||FA T Moore, B Washburn|
|4||Mount Foraker||Alaska||1132||992||5304|| FA 1934
| FA C Houston, T G Brown, C Waterston
FWA S Tandy, G Tandy
SA J Richardson, J Duenwald
|5||Fairweather||St. Elias||977||969||4663||FA 1931
|FA A Carpe, T Moore, W Ladd, A Taylor
SA Canadian Centennial Expedition
|6||University Peak||St. Elias||965||958||4411||FA 1956
|FA L Blumer, S Brooks, K Hart, T Kelley, G Reynolds, N Sanders
SA D Kost, P Claus, R Homberger, D Staeheli
No WA, No Solo (as of 2001)
|7||Augusta||St. Elias||1032||952||4289||FA 1952
|FA P Schoening et al
SA M Carlson, G Foweraker, J Marshall, D Serl
|8||Hayes||Alaska||930||925||4216||FA 1941||FA Bradford Washburn, Barbara Washburn, S Hendricks, W Shand, (H S Hall Jr, B Ferris, R Montgomery?)|
|9||Crillon||St. Elias||971||923||3879||FA 1934
|FA B Washburn, H A Carter
SA L Adkins, M Adkins, R Benedict, J Buckley, B Tickell
|10||Hesperus||Revelation||865||862||2996||FA 1985||FA J Lesueur, K Swanson, S Spaulding|
|FA Dora Keen, G.W. Handy
FWA A Ward, G Tandy, S Tandy, J Pinamont, D Pahlke
|FRA 1870 (Main)
FWA 1922 (")
SA 1870 (")
|FRA H Stevens, P Van Trump (Main)
FWA Jean Landry, Jacques Landry, J Bergues, C Perryman (")
SA S Emmons, A Wilson (")
|FA F Beckey, H Harrer, H Meybohm
SA P Condran, M Hottman, B Okonek, D Pettigrew, P Stuart, T Wheeler
|15||Wilbur||St. Elias||903||812||3298||FA 1975||FA D Jones, C Gerhardt, C McKibben|
|16||Mount Salisbury||St. Elias||931||796||3709||FA 1977||FA J Nelson, S Swenson, J Eberharter, G Thompson|
|FA L Terray et al
SA D Roberts et al (Harvard)
|FA D Fisher, B Washburn
FWA 1979 R Cowles, B Okonek
|19||Hubbard||St. Elias||798||765||4576||FA 1951
||FA W Wood et al
|20||Mount Russell||Alaska||788||744||3557||FA 1962
|FA Ekkerlein, Goodwin, Hennig
SA T Kensler, P Brown, J Hauck, D Jablonski, D Osborne
|St. Elias||849||740||4403||FA 1967||FA Benton, Boulton, Hagihara, Matsumoto, McBee, Ono, Randall, Staley|
|22||Mount Moffit||Alaska||799||740||3969||FA 1941
|FA W Shand Jr. + one companion
SA M Sallee, D Buchanan
|23||Lituya Mountain||St. Elias||902||726||3634||FA 1962||FA S Arighi, D Bohn, D Chappelear, H Flachsmann, A Maki, M Mushkin, L Nielsen|
|24||Mooses Tooth||Alaska||766||708||3150||FA ???||FA ???|
|25||Redoubt Volcano||Chigmit||707||705||3108||FA 1959||FA C Deehr, J Gardey, F Kennell, G Wescott|
"Location" gives the name of the range in which the peak lies.
"ORS" is the ORS in meters (click here for explanation of the units of ORS).
"RORS" is the reduced ORS in meters.
Elevation is also in meters.
FA is first ascent, FWA is first winter ascent, FS is first solo, SA is second ascent.
If an unrecorded first ascent is a good possibility, I use "FRA" for first recorded ascent instead of FA.
A single asterisk refers to the additional notes below.
I have highlighted the non-Alaskan peaks in green.
Peak names are linked to Wikipedia pages.
(*) General Note: the Spire Measure of a peak is calculated from a reference point on the peak which may not be the main (highest) summit. Instead the reference point is chosen to give the best SM, i.e. it is the point on the peak with the "most impressive view." It is also usually a harder climb than the main summit. In the case of Mount Rainier this best reference point is indeed different from the main summit. Liberty Cap is the northernmost peak on the broad top of Rainier. It is fairly pointy and stands atop the Willis Wall (the premier alpine North Face in the lower 48) and the Sunset Amphitheater, also a steep face. By contrast Columbia Crest, the main summit, is gentle and sits well away from any steep face.
There are a few other cases in the table where the best reference point is not exactly at the main summit, but is not far away, and I have not made any special notation of these.
See the Main ORS Page for general acknowledgements.
Much of the ascent data is from the American Alpine Journal. I got great information from the American Alpine Club Library, where they used the AAJ, the Canadian Alpine Journal, and the book Alaska : A Climbing Guide by Michael Wood and Colby Coombs, published by Mountaineers Books in 2001.
The books High Alaska by Jonathan Waterman and Mt. McKinley by Fred Beckey were quite helpful, as was personal communication from Steve Gruhn. I also found a lot of information on www.skimountaineer.com and www.mcak.org (the Mountaineering Club of Alaska site).
Any comments or questions are very welcome:
Copyright 2010 David Metzler. All rights reserved.